January 27, 2005 – U.S. Lawmakers Call for Pressure on Sudan Moved and angered by their visits to camps for Sudanese refugees, House members called on world leaders Thursday to pressure Sudan to stop the violence in the Darfur region that has killed more than 70,000 people.
Actor Don Cheadle, nominated for an Oscar for his role in "Hotel Rwanda,'' joined lawmakers at a Capitol Hill news conference, drawing parallels to the violence that killed more than 500,000 people in Rwanda in 1994.
January 27, 2005 - China, Russia Reject US Bid to Impose UN Sanctions on Sudan The US yesterday gave permanent members of the Security Council elements of a resolution that would establish a peacekeeping force in Sudan of up to 10,000 troops and place an arms embargo, travel ban and asset freeze on government officials. Deputy Ambassador Stuart Holliday said a draft resolution might be circulated this week. China and Russia rejected the new U.S. bid, saying any action should follow deployment of a UN peacekeeping force and formation of a coalition government in Khartoum. Read the article: http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=10000087&sid=aFo...refer=top_world_news
January 27, 2005 - Sudan Breaks Ceasefire by Bombing Darfur Villages The Sudanese air force has bombed villages in Darfur despite agreeing to stop using planes in the war-torn region, aid agencies say. The reported bombing comes on the border between North and South Darfur, where the government has accused rebels of mounting recent attacks. The UN has confirmed that 9,000 people had fled their homes after the nearby village of Hamada was destroyed. Up to 105 civilians are feared dead.
January 26, 2005 - U.S. Lobbying for New Court for War Crimes in Darfur The United States is urging key UN Security Council members to set up a new court for perpetrators of atrocities and killings in Sudan's Darfur region, to avoid any referral by Europeans to the International Criminal Court, ICC, a tribunal the Bush administration vehemently opposes. One suggestion by the United States is to empower the ad hoc tribunal in Tanzania hearing genocide cases on Rwanda to include the Darfur cases also, a Bush administration official and diplomats said. But EU members so far reject this.
January 24, 2005 - Darfur Villages Reportedly Burnt in Fresh Violence Eight villages in Darfur were reportedly burned to the ground on Friday in a fresh outbreak of violence and an unspecified number of people were killed, sources said. The official Sudan News Agency reported that the attacks were carried out by Darfur rebels and took place near Malam, about 100 km north of Nyala, the capital of South Darfur State. Other international media reported that the two main rebel groups had denied any involvement in the incidents. Read the article: http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/IRIN/26f433f4e...a0ec814a02f11d98.htm
January 26, 2005 - Christian Aid Workers Abducted in Darfur The Adventist Development and Relief Agency International (ADRA) said that three of its Sudanese workers had been kidnapped at gunpoint on December 16 in rebel-held Labado, South Darfur, where they were trying to drill wells.
January 24, 2005 - 3 Out of 4 Americans Favor UN Military Intervention in Darfur A PIPA-Knowledge Networks poll conducted December 21-27 finds that 74% of Americans say that the UN should “step in with military force and stop the genocide in Darfur.” Steven Kull, director of PIPA comments, “It appears that the regrets about failing to act in response to the Rwanda genocide may be influencing Americans. Even with the US stretched in Iraq, a majority of Americans say they are willing to contribute troops to an operation in Darfur. Moreover, this support is bipartisan, in sharp contrast to the support for the operation in Iraq which is sharply divided along party lines.”
WASHINGTON (AP) - Moved and angered by their visits to camps for Sudanese refugees, House members called on world leaders Thursday to pressure Sudan to stop the violence in the Darfur region that has killed more than 70,000 people.
Actor Don Cheadle, nominated for an Oscar for his role in ``Hotel Rwanda,'' joined lawmakers at a Capitol Hill news conference, drawing parallels to the violence that killed more than 500,000 people in Rwanda in 1994.
``People saw the film and said, `Wow that's terrible. What happened? Wish I had known.' Now you know,'' said Cheadle, who accompanied lawmakers on the Sudan trip.
The United Nations describes the Darfur conflict as the world's worst humanitarian crisis and the Bush administration has called it genocide. It began two years ago when rebel groups took up arms against what they saw as the Arab-dominated government's discrimination against Sudanese of African origin.
The government's counterinsurgency campaign and the violence of an Arab militia led to wide-scale abuse of the African population. An estimated 1.8 million people have been displaced. Many are now in refugee camps in Chad visited by lawmakers last weekend.
The delegation leader, Rep. Ed Royce, R-Calif., called on the U.N. Security Council to impose sanctions.
``This is not a problem for Africans alone to solve. The whole world must be engaged,'' said Royce, chairman of the International Relations subcommittee on Africa.
He said the main obstacles have been Russia and China, which have business interests in Sudan. Both nations have veto power on the U.N. Security Council.
Royce also called for expanding the size and mission of the African Union peacekeeping force, now monitoring an agreement aimed at ending a separate conflict in southern Sudan.
Lawmakers spoke of seeing refugees with missing limbs, shattered ear drums, or suffering from mental illnesses.
``I've seen a lot of things in my life but nothing prepares you for what we saw in this rather rapid trip through Chad and Sudan,'' said Rep. Jim McDermott, D-Wash.
Rep. Diane Watson, D-Calif., spoke of ``250,000 souls sitting there'' on the Chad-Sudan border ``with blank stares in their eyes, still traumatized.'' She described pictures drawn by children of machetes cutting off arms and planes dropping bombs on villages.
The Sudanese government has usually denied using its air force against civilians, but Watson said ``the children have not learned not to tell the truth.''
Watson and Rep. Barbara Lee, D-Calif., said they discussed Darfur with President Bush and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice when a black congressional delegation met with them Wednesday.
Lee said she was ``very optimistic that they're going to move forward more aggressively.'' Watson said she asked Rice if she would lead a delegation to Sudan, and Rice indicated she would.
.. China, Russia Reject U.S. Bid to Impose UN Sanctions on Sudan Jan. 25 (Bloomberg) -- China and Russia rejected a new U.S. bid to impose United Nations sanctions on Sudan for failing to end assaults on villagers in Darfur, saying any action should follow deployment of a UN peacekeeping force and formation of a coalition government in Khartoum.
The U.S. yesterday gave permanent members of the Security Council elements of a resolution that would establish a peacekeeping force in Sudan of up to 10,000 troops and place an arms embargo, travel ban and asset freeze on government officials. Deputy Ambassador Stuart Holliday said a draft resolution might be circulated this week.
The UN today received a report that eight villages in Darfur were burned to the ground on Jan. 21. Government-backed Arab militias, known as the Janjaweed, have driven 1.7 million people from their homes and murdered tens of thousands of villagers in the region since February 2003.
The U.S. wants to increase pressure on Sudan's government following its Jan. 9 agreement to end a 22-year civil war with the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army and form a coalition government. The war, fought in part over oil resources in southern Sudan, left 1.5 million people dead and 4 million homeless.
``We want to build on the momentum of the agreement,'' Konstantin Dolgov, Russia's deputy UN ambassador said. ``We have to encourage both sides, not penalize them. We are heading toward a new government. New people will be there. They have to have some time to deliver.''
Russia will support the peacekeeping mission, according to a government statement that said Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov today called UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan to say Russia was ``willing to participate.'' Annan is to report to the Security Council this week on his recommendations for the size and mandate of the UN force that would monitor the peace accord.
Chinese Deputy Ambassador Zhang Yishan said that, while his government also supports the peacekeeping mission, China has a ``problem'' with imposing sanctions.
``We want to move forward one step at a time,'' Zhang said.
China and Russia have blocked U.S. efforts to impose sanctions on Sudan for the past six months. As permanent Security Council members, along with France, the U.K. and U.S., they have the power to veto any measure.
The Security Council has adopted two resolutions in that time threatening the Sudanese government with sanctions for failing to disarm and disband the Janjaweed.
Military observers will again try to investigate reports that Sudan's air force has bombed a town in the DarfuSudanese soldiers turned away African Union monitors from the town of Shangil Tobaya on Thursday, saying it was not safe, an AU official told the BBC.
About 100 people, mostly women and children, are believed to have been killed in the air raid.
Some 70,000 people have been killed in the two-year conflict.
A further two million people have fled their homes, mostly black Africans, who accuse pro-government Arab militias of committing atrocities.
The Sudanese government denies backing the Janjaweed militias, and blames rebels for starting the conflict.
The air raid, which some fear signals an upsurge in fighting, has been condemned by the UK.
British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw said it was a "reprehensible" attack.
Q&A: Darfur conflict "The majority of the victims were women and children. We are extremely concerned," a spokeswoman for the UN envoy to Sudan, Jan Pronk, told the BBC.
The rebels do not have an air force and AU officials have hinted that the government was responsible.
The government has accused rebels of launching attacks in the area around Shangil Tobaya, on the border between North and South Darfur.
A United States official said all sides were involved in the latest fighting.
"All the parties, the government of Sudan, the militias that are allied with the government and the rebels, are to blame for this increase in violence," said state department spokesman Richard Boucher.
The head of the AU mission in Sudan, Baba Gana Kingibe, denied that the monitors were ineffective if they could only operate in areas which the government said was safe.
"The AU troops are monitoring compliance with a ceasefire, they are not a peace enforcement operation," he told the BBC's World Today programme.
"We wouldn't want to put our troops in harm's way."
AU monitors are also investigating reports that 100 more people were killed in a raid by Janjaweed militias in the nearby village of Hamada last week.
Some 9,000 people have fled the area, a UN official said.
The AU has some 1,400 troops and military observers in Darfur, and Mr Kingibe said he hoped they would be increased to 3,200 next month.
A UN investigation on whether genocide has been committed in Darfur has been completed and is expected to be made public next week.
This may include a sealed list of those accused of war crimes.
The US has said that genocide is being committed and has again started to lobby for a UN resolution threatening sanctions against Sudan.
Previous attempts to threaten sanctions have been blocked by China, which has oil interests in Sudan, and Russia, which has sold arms to the government, according to lobby group Human Rights Watch.
Two rebels group took up arms in 2003, accusing the Arab government of neglecting Darfur.
The rebels have since split into four factions and peace talks with the government have made little progress.
By Nicholas Kralev THE WASHINGTON TIMES The United States yesterday rejected European efforts to have the International Criminal Court prosecute war crimes committed in Sudan's Darfur region, saying the court is accountable to no one and cannot be trusted. "We have had a number of objections to the International Criminal Court and therefore don't believe it's the best option for this," State Department spokesman Richard Boucher told reporters. A senior State Department official later said that allowing the ICC to take charge of the Darfur case would cut the United States out of the process, because it is not a party to the court, and that the Security Council does not exercise supervision over the tribunal.
"The ICC is a total non-starter," the official said. "It's not subject to any oversight, and we have a law that says we can't cooperate with it, so it's doubtful that we'll be able to contribute to the case." Instead, the Bush administration prefers a new, Africa-based court to be set up, similar to the tribunal prosecuting those believed responsible for the genocide in Rwanda in the early 1990s, which was created by the U.N. Security Council, the official said. The United States was among the first to call attention to the mass killings of tens of thousands in Darfur and the first to call them genocide, so it would be unfair to leave it out, he added. Washington has been pushing for harsh measures against Sudan in the Security Council, but it has not received support for economic sanctions. "At every turn of the way, we've tried to say when we thought it was happening again and trying to get it to stop," Mr. Boucher said. The administration strongly opposed the creation of the Hague-based ICC primarily because the White House fears the court will be used for politically motivated prosecutions of U.S. officials and military personnel. It has negotiated bilateral agreements with 69 of its 139 signatories exempting Americans on their territory from the court's jurisdiction. But beyond concerns about Americans, the senior official said the administration does not trust the ICC because the court "authorizes prosecutors to go out and prosecute whomever they please" anywhere in the world. Sudan, like the United States, has neither signed nor ratified the 1998 Rome statute that created the court. For the court to try officials in Sudan, it would set a precedent of court jurisdiction in countries that are not parties to the ICC, he said. "We do believe that there needs to be accountability and that we will work with others to find the best possible solution to ensuring accountability," Mr. Boucher said. "We think there are a range of options that need to be discussed and looked at." A Rwanda-type court is "certainly one of them," he said. "It's appropriate for the Security Council to create and control these kind of mechanisms." An administration official later made clear that a new tribunal in Africa is Washington's preference. A U.N. commission has been investigating reported war crimes in Darfur by Arab militias linked to the government in Khartoum, and its findings are expected as early as next week. "When those results come out, we will look at a range of options for accountability in Darfur," Mr. Boucher said. "We have done some discussion already with others involved in the Security Council." European members of the Security Council, including Britain and France, approached the United States recently to advocate putting the ICC in charge of Darfur cases, but Washington resisted, officials said. U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan seemed to be siding with the Europeans on Wednesday when he said the ICC was the "most logical place" to deal with Darfur. "They need to be held accountable so that we don't give the impression that impunity is allowed to stand," Mr. Annan said of the those responsible for the atrocities. The dispute over the ICC is the second major disagreement to arise between the United States and Europe a month before President Bush's much-publicized trip to the continent. The other one involves the European Union's plan to lift its arms embargo against China. Earlier this week, an official Sudanese committee of inquiry determined that serious human rights abuses were committed in Darfur, but it rejected claims of ethnic cleansing and systematic rape, Agence France-Presse reported. "Serious human rights violations took place in the three states of Darfur, in which all parties to the conflict were involved to varying degrees, thus leading to human suffering of the people of Darfur, causing internal displacement and people taking refuge in neighboring Chad," the committee said. "The commission has concluded that incidents of rape and sexual abuses took place in the various states of Darfur, but it has not been proven to the commission that there was systematic and widespread abuse that would constitute a crime against humanity," the report said.
SUDAN: Darfur villages reportedly burnt in fresh violence 24 Jan 2005 15:01:11 GMT
NAIROBI, 24 January (IRIN) - Eight villages in the western Sudanese region of Darfur were reportedly burned to the ground on Friday in a fresh outbreak of violence, sources said. An unspecified number of people were killed, the sources added.
"The police have reported the attacks and the African Union monitoring team is investigating what exactly happened," a humanitarian worker in the region, told IRIN on Monday.
Radhia Achouri, spokeswoman for the United Nations Advance Mission in Sudan said the incident had not yet been formally reported to the mission. "We have heard about the attacks, but are trying to get confirmation," she said.
The official Sudan News Agency reported that the attacks were carried out by Darfur rebels and took place near Malam, about 100 km north of Nyala, the capital of South Darfur State.
"The rebels have carried out a heinous attack on the areas of Malam, burning down eight villages and killing and injuring a number of civilians and #####ng properties," the agency quoted a government statement as saying.
Other international media reported that the two main rebel groups, Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) and the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A), had denied any involvement in the incidents.
The violence came a day after the UN Secretary-General's Special Representative for Sudan, Jan Pronk, said fighting between government troops and rebels in Darfur had decreased over the past month, but that Arab militias were still attacking villagers.
"The violence is still perpetrated by pro-government militias and other armed groups that are very difficult to control; they attack villages, abduct people and increasingly use rape as a tool of war," Pronk told reporters.
"But between the government and the rebel movements, there is more adherence to the ceasefire than a month ago - and that is a step forward," he added.
The war in Darfur pits Sudanese government troops and militias, allegedly allied to the government, against the JEM and SLW/A, which are fighting to end what they call the marginalisation and discrimination of the region's inhabitants by the state.
Meanwhile, Human Rights Watch (HRW) has called for international prosecutions to deter continuing violence in Darfur.
In a report documenting crimes in the region, HRW accused the Sudanese government and its allied militias of committing atrocities.
"Regardless of whether there has been genocide, the scale and severity of the ongoing atrocities in Darfur demand an urgent international response," Peter Takirambudde, HRW's Africa Director, said.
"Given Sudan's continuing failure to prosecute the perpetrators, the [UN] Security Council needs to refer the situation to the International Criminal Court," he added.
The conflict has displaced more than 1.45 million people and sent another 200,000 fleeing across the border into Chad since it began in 2003. The UN has described the Darfur problem as one of the world's worst humanitarian crises.
Monday, January 24, 2005 [HOME] PIPA is a joint program of the Center on Policy Attitudes (COPA) and the Center for International and Security Studies at Maryland (CISSM), School of Public Affairs, University of Maryland.
Three Out of Four Americans Favor UN Military Intervention in Darfur
Six in Ten Say US Should Contribute Troops As the UN Security Council on Tuesday, January 25 hears the report of a special commission of inquiry on whether genocide has occurred in Darfur, a PIPA-Knowledge Networks poll conducted December 21-27 finds that 74% of Americans say that the UN should “step in with military force and stop the genocide in Darfur.” Only 17% are opposed. Ten percent did not answer.
If other members of the UN are willing to contribute troops to such a military operation, 60% say that the US should be willing to contribute troops as well. Only 1 in 3 are opposed. These are some of the key findings of the poll of 801 Americans (margin of error +/- 3.5%).
These attitudes represent a bipartisan consensus. A UN military intervention is supported by 83% of Republicans and 71% of Democrats (independents: 70%). Contributing US troops is supported by 62% of Republicans and 64% of Democrats (independents 58%).
It should be noted that these questions did describe what is occurring in Darfur as genocide (as has the US government). However, when PIPA/KN did not refer to the operation as genocide, support for contributing US troops to a UN operation in Darfur was nearly as high. In a July 2004 PIPA/KN poll, 57% said the US should be willing to contribute one quarter of the troops for a UN military force to enforce the ceasefire agreement in Darfur.
In the same poll, respondents were posed the question of whether genocide is occurring in Darfur—the question now being addressed the UN Security Council. Fifty-six percent chose the position that genocide was in fact taking place, while only 24% chose the option that it was “not really genocide” but “a civil war between the government and people in a resistant region that happen to be of a different ethnic group.” Twenty percent did not take a position.
If the UN Security Council determines that genocide is occurring in Darfur this will likely have a strong effect on American attitudes. Asked in July what should occur if the UN were to determine that genocide is occurring in Darfur, 69% thought that “then the UN, including the US, should decide to act to stop the genocide even if it requires military force.”
However, the December poll found low levels of confidence that the international community will step in. When asked whether they think “the international community, including the US,” will actually “step in with military force and stop the genocide in Darfur,” the public is divided but leans toward pessimism, with 42% thinking this will take place and 47% thinking it will not. Republicans divide 45% to 47%, and Democrats 41% to 50%.
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Steven Kull, director of PIPA comments, “It appears that the regrets about failing to act in response to the Rwanda genocide may be influencing Americans. Even with the US stretched in Iraq, a majority of Americans say they are willing to contribute troops to an operation in Darfur. Moreover, this support is bipartisan, in sharp contrast to the support for the operation in Iraq which is sharply divided along party lines.”
Kull adds, “With the signing of the peace agreement in the North-South conflict in Sudan, this might contribute to a greater momentum to resolve the conflict in Darfur.”
Support for the principle of contributing US troops to deal with humanitarian crisies and especially genocide was also found in the July 2004 poll by Chicago Council on Foreign Relations. Posed a number of possible uses of US troops 72% supported using them to “deal with humanitarian crises.” Support for using troops “to stop a government from committing genocide and killing large numbers of its own people” was even higher at 75%.
PIPA/KN’s July poll also found strong support for the use of economic and diplomatic measures. Sixty-eight percent thought “the UN should put pressure on the Sudanese government to stop the militias, by deciding that all UN members should freeze the assets of Sudanese officials and ban them from traveling to other countries.”
The poll was fielded by Knowledge Networks using its nationwide panel, which is randomly selected from the entire adult population and subsequently provided internet access. For more information about this methodology, go to www.knowledgenetworks.com/ganp.
Funding for this research was provided by the Rockefeller Brothers Fund and the Ford Foundation.
For more information on the PIPA study see: Questionnaire Press Release
الموضوع:- حكومة الخرطوم تتمادي في نقضها لإتفاقية أنجمينا و برتوكولات أبوجا وتقتل 104 مواطناً في مدينة خورلأبشي (شمال شرفي نيالا) وتحتل معسكرات للنازحين في مدنية قريضة (جنوب دارفور)
إن حكومة الخرطوم كلما رفعت عقيرتها متحدثة عن ضرورة الإلتزام بالإتفاقات والمعهدات وإحترام وقف إطلاق النار، والحوار بالحسنى سعيا للوصول الي السلام والوئام تؤكد بفعلها بأنها تخطط وتعد العدة لغير ذلك!! بالفعل أكدت لنا حكومة العصابة الفاسدة بانها لأ ترقب إلاً ولا ذمة بل إنها تتحين الفرص لتتملص من جميع إلتزماتها كلما راق لها النكوص. في يوم الأربعاء الماضي الموافق 26 يناير 2005 أغارت طائات حكومية علي مدينة خورأبشي شمال شرقي نيالا فقتلت 104 مواكنا مدنيا من سكان المنطقة.
وفي الساعة الثانية عشر من ظهيرة 27/01/2005 دفعت حكومة الخرطوم عددا كبيرا من قوات الجيش ومليشيات الجنجويد تم سحبها من مدينة لبدو فدفعت بها وعلي متن 22 عربة نحو مدينة قريضة، التي تعج بالنازحين وعدد كبير من المنظمات الإنسانية حيث يعيش فيها حوالي 48 الف لاجئ، وبعد معركة امتدت من الساعة الثانية ظهرا حتي السادسة مساءا مع المدنيين دخلت قوات الجيش ومليشيات الجنجويد مدينة قريضة فقتلت 16 مواطنا فيما إستشهد ثمانية من عناصر الحركة.
ومما يجدر الإشارة إليه أن مدينة قريضة تقع ضمن الأراضي الواقعة تحت سيطرة حركة العدل والمساواة السودانية إلا أن الحركة نسبة لوجود عدد هائل من النازحين والتزما بالبرتوكول الإنساني وبإتفاق مع الإتحاد الإفريقي سحبت قواتها من المدينة منذ التوقيع علي البرتكول الإنساني في أبوجا وتركت الإدارة للمدنيين الإ أن حكومة الأقلية الفاسدة إستغلت هذا الموقف الإنساني من الحركة تجاه المواطنيين فدفعت بقواتها فأحتلت المدينة متجاهلة بالبرتكولات الموقعة غيرآبهة بالإتحاد الأفريقي والمجتمع الدولي.
فالتشهد جميع الوسطاء والعالم أجمع بأن حكومة الجنجويد الفاسدة بالخرطوم قد تنصلت من جميع بنود إتفاقية انجمينا وبرتوكلات أبوجا وزجت بعسكرها في أتون معسكرات النازحين فعلي الحكومة أن تتحمل تبعات عملها سياسيا وعسكريا فما دامت الحكومة قد لفظت الإتفاقات وعصمت الي القوة وإنه لا يفل الحديد إلا الحديد وإن غدا لناظره لقريب.
حركة تحرير السودان تؤكد وقوع مجازر جديدة في دارفور 1/22 5:38ص حركة تحرير السودان
في إنتهاك فج و صارخ ضمن مسلسل الإبادة و التطهير العرقي الذي ما إنفك ينفذه نظام الأبرتايد في السودان تجاه شعب دارفور ، و الذي يدعي خلال هذه الأيام على أنه يرنو إلى تحقيق السلام و التوكل على الله!! - على حد قول نائب رئيس النظام أو" غيريبر"سجن أبو غريب في السودان- أمر ميليشياته النظامية و مليشياته المتخصصة في الإبادة" الجنجويد" يوم أمس الأول بالإعتداء على المدنيين في مناطق " الملم" و " حمادة" ، أسفر عنه مقتل العديد من المدنيين من النساء و الحوامل و الرضع و العجزة، إستهتارا بإنسانية إنسان هذه الإقليم الذى رفض و سوف يظل يرفض كل المساومات وسياسات الخنوع و الخضوع و التبعية للأبد. و إذ تدين حركة تحرير السودان هذا السلوك البربري اللإنساني المتفق عليه في دواليب سلطة العصبية و العصابة الحاكمةفي الخرطوم دون أي مسوغ شرعي أو قانوني، تؤكد في الوقت ذاته أن الحركة سبق لها أن رصدت ذلك و أعلنت مرارا و تكرارا و حذرت في وقت سابق من آن النظام و ألويته بصدد شن هجوم متعمد على هذه المناطق بدافع الكراهية و العنصرية تجاه ساكنة هذه المناطق، كما أبلغت الإتحاد الأفريقي ممثلا في اللجنة المكلفة بوقف إطلاق النار ، دون أن تتخذ الأخيرة تدابير لوقف هذا العبث و إراقة دم المواطنيين المدنيين العزل دون وجه حق. كما تؤكد الحركة على أن هذا الهجوم هو إنتهاك و خرق مقصود لكل الإتفاقيات المبرمة سيما إتفاقية وقف إطلاق النار و البرتوكول الأمني و كذا منافيا لكل القرارات الدولية الصادرة من مجلس الأمن الدولي. و إذتدين الحركة ذلك ، تؤكد على أنها ما زالت ملتزمة بكل تعهداتها الموقعة ، إلا أنها بالمقابل لن تقف مكتوفة الأيدي للدفاع و الزود عن حياة كل المدنيين و الأبرياء الذين تستهدفهم هذه العصابة الحاكمة. و تطالب المجتمع الدولي بتوفير حماية عاجلة وفق القانون الدولي لشعب في حالة خطر محدق قوامه أكثر من سبعة مليون مواطن يعيش في دارفور وفق القانون الدولي.
محجوب حسين الناطق الرسمي لحركة تحرير السودان حررفي لندن يومه السبت الموافق 22/01/2004 اقرا اخر الاخبار السودانية على سودانيز اون لاين http://www.sudaneseonline.com[/B]
معلومات عن مقتل مئة بغارة شمال دارفور ونقل مقابر جماعية «لطمس معالم الابادة» الخرطوم، لندن - النور احمد النور الحياة 2005/01/28
أشارالاتحاد الافريقي الى مسؤولية الحكومة السودانية في مقتل نحو مئة شخص بغارة جوية مساء الاربعاء، في دارفور، غرب البلاد. واتهمت «حركة تحرير السودان» المتمردة الناشطة في الاقليم الحكومة بــ«نبش تسع مقابر جماعية» في المنطقة، ونقل الجثث التي كانت فيها وحرقها في الصحراء «لطمس معالم جريمة الابادة الجماعية» في دارفور. لكن مسؤولاً سودانياً نفى لـ«الحياة» بشدة ان تكون الحكومة نقلت اي مقابر جماعية او انها أزالت معالم مقتل مئات الاشخاص في دارفور. كما نفى مسؤولية الخرطوم عن مقتل مدنيين في دارفور، مشدداً على ان الطائرات الحربية السودانية تقوم بطلعات استطلاعية في المنطقة في مهمات دفاعية فقط.
وكان آدم ثيام الناطق باسم الاتحاد الافريقي الذي يراقب وقف النار في دارفور، اعلن في تصريح من مقر الاتحاد في اديس ابابا ان نحو مئة شخص قتلوا في غارة جوية على بلدة في دارفور مساء الاربعاء. وتردد ان البلدة تقع قرب الفاشر عاصمة ولاية شمال دارفور. واضاف الناطق: «سنتحقق من الطرف المسؤول. لكن حتى الآن، فإن الحكومة هي التي كانت تقوم بشن غارات جوية». واعتبر الغارة بأنها «انتهاك بالغ الخطورة لوقف اطلاق النار لأنه ليس حادثاً معزولاً»، موضحاً انه «منذ 16 كانون الثاني (يناير) الجاري وقع هجوم للجنجاويد (ميليشيا عربية موالية للحكومة) تبعه هجوم من حركة تحرير السودان (متمردون) والآن جاء الهجوم الجوي على احدى القرى الذي اسفر عن مقتل نحو مئة شخص»، ملاحظاً ان هذا الهجوم الجوي الذي يأتي قبل ايام من قمة الاتحاد الافريقي في ابوجا سيلقي بظلاله على هذه القمة.
الى ذلك، اعلن الاتحاد الافريقي انه يشتبه في قيام ميليشيات الجنجاويد، الاسبوع الماضي، بقتل نحو مئة مدني والتسبب في نزوح نحو 9 آلاف شخص، خلال هجمات استهدفت قرى حمادة وجوروف وجميزة، شمال مدينة نيالا، في ولاية جنوب دارفور.
من جهة اخرى، قالت «حركة تحرير السودان»، في بيان تلقت «الحياة» نسخة عنه، انها «تمكنت عبر اجهزتها من العثور على وثيقة حكومية تثبت، قانوناً، اضافة الى وثائق اخرى، ان الحكومة السودانية قامت بنبش تسع مقابر جماعية في اقليم دارفور بين آب (اغسطس) وكانون الاول (ديسمبر) الماضيين. وتم نقل الجثث وحرقها ودفنها في الصحراء لطمس معالم جريمة الابادة الجماعية في دارفور». واضافت في البيان الذي أرفقته بصورة عن مراسلة داخلية الى رئيس شعبة الاستخبارات والامن تتحدث عن هذه القضية، انها «ستسلم هذه الوثيقة فوراً الى الامين العام للامم المتحدة ورئيس مجلس الامن ورئيس اللجنة الدولية المكلفة التقصي عن جرائم الإبادة الجماعية»، مطالبة «بإنشاء محاكم جرائم حرب خاصة بدارفور لمحاكمة المسؤولين عن هذه الجرائم في الحكومة السودانية».
لكن مسؤولاً سودانياً نفى بشدة هذه المزاعم. ووصف هذا المسؤول الذي رفض ذكر اسمه لـ«الحياة» الوثيقة التي وزعتها «حركة تحرير السودان» بأنها «مزورة ومختلقة»، وان المعلومات التي تضمنتها «غير صحيحة وملفقة». واكد ان السلطات اعتمدت سياسة «الباب المفتوح في تعاملها مع المنظمات الاقليمية والدولية وتعاونت مع اللجنة التي شملها الامين العام للامم المتحدة للتحقيق في احتمال حصول ابادة جماعية في دارفور».
كما قلل المسؤول من شأن المعلومات عن مقتل مئة مدني اخيراً في دارفور. وقال ان القوات الحكومية «لا تقصف مدنيين، وان الطائرات الموجودة في دارفور تقوم بطلعات استطلاعية في مهمات دفاعية، وهو امر يبيحه البروتوكول الامني الذي وقعه المتمردون في ابوجا (مع الحكومة)، ويكفله الاتحاد الافريقي الذي يرعى الاتفاق». واضاف «ان الحكومة ستحقق في اي حادث عرضي قد يقع في مناطق العمليات»، متهماً المتمردين «بخرق وقف النار واستخدام المدنيين دروعاً بشرية والاختباء وسط المواطنين في القرى والبلدات».
Quote: Darfur, Sudan, Africa - continues to be a bleeding ground of genocide. While the world watches, the United Nations and international leaders fail to effectively intercede and stop the systematic murder, rape, and mass starvation inflicted by the government of Sudan on it own people. Passion of the Present is a worldwide all-volunteer web initiative to stop the genocide. Together we can be the most aggressive advocates imaginable for the people of Darfur and Sudan. Please, join the network and link to us. Visit the site often and bring your friends. E-mail ideas for action to firstname.lastname@example.org. Help save the people of Darfur through your net advocacy, hacktivism, and netpeace. For as the late Dr. Martin Luther King said: "Man's inhumanity to man is not only perpetrated by the vitriolic actions of those who are bad. It is also perpetrated by the vitiating inaction of those who are good."
الجمعة 18/12/1425 هـ - الموافق28/1/2005 م (آخر تحديث) الساعة 11:01 (مكة المكرمة)، 8:01 (غرينتش)
Quote: وقال المتحدث باسم وزارة الخارجية الأميركية ريتشارد باوتشر أمس الخميس "نحن منزعجون جدا من المواجهات العنيفة ومن الانتهاكات الفاضحة لوقف إطلاق النار في دارفور".
الحرب في دارفور شردت الكثير من الأسر (الفرنسية
Quote: وأدان باوتشر "قصف الطيران السوداني للقرى", وكذلك العمليات التي قامت بها مليشيات الجنجويد. واتهم على وجه الخصوص جيش تحرير السودان -أحد الفصائل المتمردة بدارفور- بأنه أخل بجميع وعوده من خلال شن هجمات على القرى في الأيام الأخيرة.
Sudan: Many Reported Killed During New Hostilities in Darfur
UN Integrated Regional Information Networks
January 27, 2005 Posted to the web January 27, 2005
Scores of civilians have reportedly been killed and thousands displaced in a series of attacks on villages across the western Sudanese region of Darfur, according to the UN Advance Mission in Sudan (UNAMIS).
A UN assessment team that travelled to Hamada, Juruf and Gemeiza villages in South Darfur state found that renewed hostilities last week had claimed many lives and displaced more than 9,000 people. "It has been confirmed that the village of Hamada was nearly totally destroyed and that up to 105 civilians may have been killed, with the majority of victims being women and children," UNAMIS Deputy Spokesperson George Somerwill told IRIN on Thursday.
Aid workers and rebels claimed government planes bombed the area on 19 January, but Somerwill was unable to confirm which groups had been involved in the fighting or how the victims were killed. He said an estimated 8,000 people had fled the fighting to nearby Menawashi and 1,250 to Mershing, both in South Darfur state.
In another deadly incident, between 24 and 36 people were reportedly killed and 26 others injured, when a group of rebels attacked the village of Malam, about 100 km north of the South Darfur capital, Nyala, on 21 January, Somerwill said.
He also reported that on 21 January a large group of armed tribesmen attacked the village of Seleia in West Darfur state, killing at least 20 people, abducting two women and stealing cattle.
Following the recent fighting, aid workers reported to UNAMIS that new internally displaced persons (IDPs) continued to arrive in camps in South Darfur, particularly near Kalma.
A considerable influx of IDPs into North Darfur state had also been reported, apparently in response to fighting in the nearby eastern Jebel Marra region.
Meanwhile, the Adventist Development and Relief Agency International (ADRA) said in a press statement released on Tuesday that three of its Sudanese workers had been kidnapped at gunpoint on 16 December in rebel-held Labado, South Darfur, where they were trying to drill wells.
All attempts to locate the three staff members had failed so far.
The special representative of the UN Secretary-General for Sudan, Jan Pronk, strongly condemned the targeting of humanitarian personnel and the attacks on aid workers in a 27 January press release.
The UN envoy called for the "immediate release of the humanitarian workers" and urged "all parties to abide by the principles of international humanitarian law, in particular to ensure the safety of humanitarian workers".
The government occupied Labado during a December campaign and has so far refused to withdraw to its previous lines unless the African Union (AU) takes up positions there to prevent rebels from retaking the area.
Darfur peace talks are due to restart in the Nigerian capital, Abuja, in the first week of February, but there is some doubt as to whether one of the two main rebel groups will attend. The previous round collapsed in December with rebels blaming the military operations in South Darfur.
An AU monitoring mission in Sudan has expressed concern over the fragmentation of Darfur's two main rebel groups. There are now four known armed factions in Darfur, as well as many unidentified groups of armed bandits.
The war in Darfur pits Sudanese government troops and militias allegedly allied to the government against rebels fighting to end what they have called the marginalisation of and discrimination against the region's inhabitants by the state.
The conflict has displaced an estimated 1.45 million people within Sudan and sent another 200,000 fleeing across the border into Chad. The UN has described Darfur as one of the world's worst humanitarian crises The result of a UN investigation into whether genocide has been committed in Darfur has been submitted to UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan and will be released next week.
ADDIS ABABA: About 100 people were killed in an air raid on a town in Sudan's troubled western Darfur region, a spokesman for the African Union said Thursday, citing reports from AU monitors on the ground.
"The AU office in Khartoum has confirmed that the attack took place on Wednesday night," said the spokesman, Adam Thiam, at AU headquarters in Addis Ababa, calling it the "most serious attack in recent months."
A source close to the AU mission in Darfur said that according to the AU the attack happened at Shangel-Topayi, near Al-Fashir in North Darfur state.
Thiam said the raid was one of a number of violations of a shaky truce between Khartoum and Darfur's two rebel factions and that the AU "fears the conflict in Darfur is likely to start again."
"This is more than one very serious violation of the cease-fire because it is not an isolated act," he said.
Thiam said that pro-government Arab militias had been responsible for a serious attack on Jan. 16 that was followed by a raid by the rebel Sudan Liberation Movement.
He declined to say who was responsible for Wednesday's "bombardment" but said that, to date, such attacks had come from the government side. The rebels have no air force.
Senior AU officials were currently in "very close consultations" with Sudanese authorities, who had pledged to stop overflights of Darfur villages as part of the truce, Thiam said.
Another AU official in Darfur said that pro-government Janjaweed militia are suspected of recently attacking villages north of Nyala, South Darfur, killing about 100 people.
Quote: عنان يعرب عن قلقه من التقارير الواردة بشأن الضربات الجوية على قرية في دارفور
2005/1/28: أعرب الأمين العام للأمم المتحدة، كوفي عنان، عن قلقه العميق بشأن التقارير الواردة عن قيام الطائرات الحكومية بضرب قرية في شمال دارفور مما تسبب في مقتل وجرح أكثر من 100 شخص.
ووصف عنان هذا الحادث بأنه الأخير في سلسلة من الانتهاكات المتكررة لاتفاق وقف إطلاق النار، والتي أدت إلى سقوط عدد كبير من الضحايا من المدنيين وتشريد آلاف آخرين وعرقلة جهود الإغاثة.
وقال مراقبون من الاتحاد الأفريقي إن سلاح الجو السوداني قد شن هجوما على قرية "شنقلي طوبايا" في شمال دارفور يوم الأربعاء الماضي. وقد أعلنت المنظمات العاملة في المنطقة عن تعليق عملياتها في القرية إلى حين إشعار آخر.
وطالب الأمين العام الحكومة السودانية والفصائل المسلحة بالالتزام الفوري والكامل باتفاق وقف إطلاق النار، وقرارات مجلس الأمن ذات الصلة.